The hottest market survey in 2020, China's 80 gene

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Market survey: in 2020, 80% of general workers in China will be replaced by robots. The word "machine replacement" frequently appears in government documents at all levels. What is the current situation of Zhuhai robot industry? What changes will happen to the job market in the future? What difficulties does the robot industry face? The industry was investigated. Some people in the industry said frankly that the ultimate goal of robot development is to eliminate general workers

as early as 2020, 80% of general workers' positions in China may be replaced by robots. A person in charge of the robot industry in Zhuhai revealed his latest prediction yesterday. At the same time, some people in the industry said frankly that the ultimate goal of robot development is to eliminate general workers

in the context of innovation driven, the word "machine replacement" frequently appears in government documents at all levels. What is the current situation of Zhuhai's robot industry? What changes will happen to the job market in the future? What difficulties does the robot industry face? The industry was investigated

2 years ago, China's robot industry was still a popular industry, and it did not start to flourish until 2013. At the beginning of June this year, the data released by the 2015 world robot conference held in Beijing showed that last year, China introduced 57000 robots of all kinds, a year-on-year increase of 55%, accounting for about a quarter of the global market, and has become the world's largest robot market for two consecutive years. The industry even called 2014 the first year of Chinese robots. It is reported that at the end of 2014 alone, more than 70 listed companies in China merged or invested in robot projects, and the number of related enterprises has exceeded 4000

many funded enterprises in China have rushed to buy robots, and foreign robot manufacturers have also rushed into China. In May last year, Swiss abb, a fortune 500 enterprise and a leading automation technology enterprise, signed a cooperation framework agreement with the Management Committee of Zhuhai high tech Zone, announcing the establishment of a robot R & D and production base in Zhuhai. The innovation driven three-year action plan recently issued by Jinwan, Doumen and other districts in Zhuhai clearly proposes to promote and guide enterprises to replace people with machines

Guangdong Province plans to promote 1950 Industrial Enterprises above Designated Size to introduce robots into production lines in the next three years, focusing on automobile and motorcycle manufacturing, home appliances, hardware, electronic information, textile and clothing, civil explosives, building materials and other industries, and form four intelligent manufacturing production indentation areas with an output value of more than 10billion yuan. The total output value of small industry clusters and related intelligent equipment has increased from 30billion yuan in 2014 to more than 60billion yuan, with an average annual growth of 26%

the government's encouragement, the emergence of labor shortage and rising labor costs have ushered in a blowout in China's robot industry. At present, Zhuhai has about a dozen robot R & D and manufacturing enterprises, including four in Hongqi Town alone. At present, the prospect of development is very good, and the output value is growing rapidly. Said a person in charge of Zhuhai Hongqi Town Investment Promotion Service Bureau. Nandu learned from the interview that many traditional processing enterprises in Zhuhai are also recruiting and transforming robot manufacturing

before 2013, we took robot products to various industrial exhibitions, and rarely saw robot exhibits on the exhibition. Zhangyunyan, deputy general manager of operation of Heshi Automation Technology Co., Ltd., said that since 2013, robots have increased significantly in various exhibitions. Last year, because there were too many electric hammer robots, some exhibitions also set up separate robot exhibition halls, and some traditional industrial equipment exhibition areas were also mixed with robot products

the rapidly developing robot industry may reshape the traditional mode of production and have a far-reaching impact on the job market


factories are gradually using robots

Yang Haisheng, general manager of Zhuhai natex Automation Technology Co., Ltd., introduced that a German funded factory in Huizhou, which carries out shell fitting and processing for multiple brands, originally had more than 6000 workers, which is a typical labor-intensive industry, but after adopting their fitting robots this year, 80% of the workers have been replaced. A 15 meter long assembly line in the factory now has only two workers, one is responsible for sending the shell into the machine, the other is responsible for taking off the assembled shell of the robot at the end and packing it, and finally transporting it to the downstream OEM factory. It is assembled with other precision parts from all over the world to form a complete assembly plant of Huawei, CITIC or opp0, Jinli, etc. the final manufacturing success has accumulated the establishment of Beijing Petrochemical new materials, Baotou rare earth new materials Shaanxi nonferrous metal new materials and other industrial bases in 48 key areas of new materials

originally, a production line needed 24 to 26 workers, but now only two people are needed. Yang Haisheng said that a 15 meter long assembly line has four robots, each costing about 500000, but the labor efficiency of one machine is equivalent to 10 workers. After one year of use, the enterprise can recover all the costs only by saving labor. It usually takes eight to more than a dozen small parts to assemble on a shell. It takes 10 seconds to install one manually, and it takes nearly 2 minutes to assemble a shell. Mr. Yang said, but with a robot, a shell can be assembled in two seconds

this is just the tip of the iceberg for the large-scale application of robots in labor-intensive industries. Many industries such as automobiles, household appliances and cosmetics are scrambling to join this wave of machine replacement

Cheng Hailiang, the head of Gree robot injection molding plant, previously revealed to the media that after the use of robots for automation transformation, the number of workers in the plant was reduced from the initial 300 to more than 100, and the production efficiency was also increased by 20%. The injection molding plant has achieved automation from the processing of plastic raw materials to the transportation in the plant. Workers only need to stand at the terminal to pack the finished parts sent by the robot

the head of a foreign-funded company that produces precision electrical appliances in Hongqi Town said that the enterprise has only recently started customizing robots to replace some less precise and simple processes. Because the product line is updated relatively quickly, we only require that one robot can guarantee no problems for three years. After three years, because the products change, the robots can be eliminated

a person in charge of Zhuhai Tingyou cosmetics company, which has used robots for many years, said that the company successively adopted robots a few years ago. A machine of more than 400000 can reach up to 89 people. From the current use situation, the effect is not bad. Only the saved labor costs can be recovered in half a year to a year. In order to save maintenance costs, the enterprise has trained maintenance talents, and general problems can be solved by itself


robots are expected to replace 80% of workers in 2020

robots not only have production efficiency beyond the reach of skilled general workers who have worked for 20 or 30 years, but also have better product stability and quality than humans. Yang Haisheng said that there will always be subtle differences in manual operations, which will affect the stability of products, but high-precision robots can basically produce ten products with exactly the same performance, which is convenient for enterprises to control product quality

our ultimate goal in developing the robot industry is to eliminate general workers. Zhang Yunyan is outspoken and believes that this goal is no longer out of reach. Robots will replace those low value-added, labor-intensive, boring and even dangerous jobs that young workers are unwilling to engage in now. Yang Haisheng predicted that robots would replace about 80% of general workers in China as early as 2020

for those skeptics who are pessimistic about the future employment situation, the above interviewed insiders also said that robots will not be able to replace all general workers in the short term, and will create many new jobs, requiring more skilled workers

at present, there are still many bottlenecks in robot technology. Some industries are more affected by robots, and some will be less affected. Zhang Yunyan said that Foxconn also announced its million robot plan because of the difficulty in recruiting workers this year, but because many technical problems have not been solved, the progress of the plan is far from expected, and a lot of work still needs to be completed by general workers


enterprises rush together, and there is overcapacity or overcapacity

however, the booming robot industry has also caused some industry insiders' concerns. This industry is too hot. Now thousands of enterprises across the country are flocking to research and develop robots, some of which are directly aimed at government subsidies and lack accumulation. An industry insider who declined to be named worried that if the repeated construction is too serious, the robot industry may repeat the mistakes of the photovoltaic industry, resulting in serious overcapacity

Xu Fang, President of the Central Research Institute of Shenyang Xinsong Robot Automation Co., Ltd., said in a media interview earlier that a large part of the enterprises pouring into the robot industry are going to the country to drip an appropriate amount of instrument oil (to avoid dripping on the reading plate) for subsidies. Some places and enterprises have put forward large machine replacement plans, but some are difficult to do, because the existing technology is not enough to support

some peers are too impatient. A robot developed has not been strictly tested and immediately put into the market, so the stability of the product may not be reliable. Yang Haisheng said that foreign countries have developed robots for many years. Before each robot comes into the market, a large number of experiments will be done to ensure the consistent performance after several years of use. This point needs to be learned more at home, and the research and development of robots needs precipitation

there are strong enemies outside and pursuers inside, and domestic robot manufacturers will face a double whammy. However, most industry insiders in Zhuhai are still confident in the robot industry. The threshold of robots is much higher, and it is impossible to have overcapacity like the photovoltaic industry. Yang Haisheng said that the core competitiveness of robots lies in technology. As long as enterprises can master core technology and have strength in the future, they will not worry about no market

[representative enterprise]

Heshi automation:

it was successfully listed on the new third board in April this year.

in Zhuhai Jinwan LIANGANG Industrial Zone, Heshi Automation Technology Co., Ltd., located here, is a robot manufacturer founded in 2004. It was first located in Nanping Town, more than 20 kilometers away. It is just a small factory with more than a dozen workers and a workshop of more than 100 square meters. The emergence of labor shortage in Guangdong after 2010 has brought huge business opportunities to enterprises. Those enterprises that face difficulties because they cannot recruit workers turn to robot factories such as Heshi automation

in the past, when we went to enterprises to promote robots, we were often rejected. Many enterprises thought that hundreds of thousands of robots were too expensive. I could find workers to do it. Why should we use your robots? Isn't it a waste of money? Zhang Yunyan, deputy general manager of the company's operation, said that in the past two years, many factories have taken the initiative to come to the door and asked enterprises to customize various types of robots for themselves. The reason is that the labor cost has risen too much. Five or six years ago, the monthly salary of ordinary front-line workers was generally more than 1000, but now it has risen to more than 3000, the labor cost has increased twoorthree times, and many positions are still not available

it is understood that Heshi automation was successfully listed on the new third board in April this year, which is also the first robot factory listed in Zhuhai

Zhuhai natex:

the output value was zero last year, or exceeded 50million this year.

Zhuhai natex Automation Technology Co., Ltd. was originally a traditional manufacturing plant supporting the OEM giant Flextronics, and transformed to develop robots two years ago

in the process of cooperating with Flextronics, we found it more and more difficult for enterprises to recruit workers in the past two years. At that time, we were optimistic about the robot market and felt that many jobs that people were unwilling to do in the future would be replaced by robots. Yang Haisheng said that the enterprise has invested more than 20 million yuan to recruit talents from several top 500 enterprises and set up a 15 person R & D team. It took two years until this year to develop the first fitting robot, which has been received now

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